Dartmouth College Time Sharing, D1
30 Nov 99, at 08:47, 007 users.
DCTS will be available all day with no interruption. Incremental
Backup begins at 8PM tonight until 9PM. During that time, please
make sure you are not using any files that you want to be backed up.
Incremental Backup starts at 8pm and will be complete by 9pm.
During that time, please make sure you are not using any files
that you want to be backed up.
Validation error! Type HELP for assistance.
HISTORY OF COMPUTING AT DARTMOUTH (8 November 1983)
The first computer at Dartmouth College was an LGP-30
1959. It could accommodate only one user at a time and was small and
slow. The enthusiasm with which it was received, however, revealed a
strong demand for a better mouse trap.
In September, 1963, under the direction of mathematics
John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz, a project to establish a time-sharing
system at Dartmouth got under way. The fruits of this project were BASIC,
a simplified programming language, and a time-sharing system -- using the
GE-235 and Datanet-30 computers. This system began operations in May,
1964. In 1965, Dartmouth placed off-campus terminals in secondary schools
in the area. At the same time, other computer installations began to use
Dartmouth's system software.
A larger building was soon necessary. By 1966, the Kiewit
Computation Center building -- a gift of Peter and Evelyn Kiewit -- housed
a GE-635 system. A new operating system -- which later became known as
the Dartmouth Time-Sharing System (DTSS) -- was written in 1966-1968 for
the GE-635 system.
Ten years later, in January, 1976, a Honeywell 66/40 replaced
GE-635. The 66/40 was upgraded, made approximately twice as fast, in
September 1978. It is now referred to as a 66/DPS-3. In 1978, the
operating system was renamed Dartmouth College Time Sharing (DCTS) when
the rights to the abbreviation DTSS were sold to the Metropolitan Life
In 1982, we acquired a Honeywell DPS 8/44 computer to
run a second
DCTS system. This and other computers, which have been added since 1979,
are connected through special communications cabling and machinery known
as the Kiewit Network. The other computers currently on the network
include a Prime 750 which runs the PRIMOS operating system, two Vax
11/750s running UNIX (a trademark of Bell Laboratories), and a Vax 11/780
running the VMS operating system. The College's library catalogs are
being placed on-line using one of the Vax 11/750s.
In 1983, the Trustees of Dartmouth College trademarked
DARTMOUTH STRUCTURED BASIC programming language to refer to the latest
version of Basic designed to closely meet the proposed ANSI standard.
Computing at Dartmouth is unique because of Kiewit's policy
allocating free computer time to all students, faculty, and staff. Fully
85% of Dartmouth's students eventually use the computing services.
See also, EXPLAIN KIEWIT.